There are crucial needs in textile production processes to maintain humidity. The under processing material requires proper humidity and thus every textile industry needs industrial humidifier system.
The humidity requirement as a standard in a bale room is around 65% for cotton spinning unit. Here, in case the value increases, the fiber does not open as required and there will be unopened lumps in various degrees throughout subsequent processes. At the same time if the humidity is lesser than the standard requirement, the fiber will dry and result in breakage that the fiber staple length cannot be achieved and the yarn manufactured will feature related defects and low strength.
This shows how humidification can affect the entire textile industry process. Even on weaving high speed machines, improper humidification result in heating the main panels of the electronic board and it will get into wrong weaving process programming or the board gets damaged that incurs expensive repairs.
Textiles are hygroscopic and they release or absorb moisture based on the surrounding air relative humidity. Any change in moisture or air shows direct impact on the textiles properties such as in their elasticity, strength, friction and fiber diameter. Any drop in the relative humidity equilibrium of a textile results in thinner, weaker, brittle and less elastic fabric, besides it will have more imperfections. Thus the air humidity must be maintained while fibers processes.
Levels of humidity
The levels of humidity are based on the textile type and its process. Natural fiber is more susceptible to moisture in comparison to manmade materials. Yet, the manmade textiles suffer static charge buildup.
Linen and cotton are processed at high levels as they are brittle. Each process needs humidifying, right from the raw material combing, carding, spinning, twisting and weaving to ensure the product does not break and is flexible. This is mandatory so that the fiber stays longer and can be spun with finer thread.
Wool is equally susceptible to dry air, but of course it is little more forgiving, but it also requires humidity levels. However, the man-made fibers require lower humidity level since as they are build-up of static electricity. Silk is processed, while higher level of humidity is required for artificial silk spinning.
How to humidify
The effective way of humidifying a textile plant is by using water spray and compressed air system. This can be done by mounting on the roof precision engineered nozzles in combination with compressed water and air to release fine mist. This mist is same as pressurized steam and will have droplets that evaporate rapidly to increase the humidity level as required.
These spray systems are reliable, easy to locate and flexible. The humidification system capacity can also be increased or modified, as required. Thus you can save money.
Hygiene is very important as water is released into the atmosphere and the bacteria or viruses in the water may be inhaled by the people and can be dangerous. In fact, modern industrial humidifier system includes various hygiene features and is also the effective types that have a combination of flush cycles and silver ion dosing form. The advantage of flush cycles is that the water does not permit bacteria forming or stagnating in pipes. The silver ion dosing provides reassurance by eliminating from the water any organism.